The South was preoccupied with their profound losses during the Civil War. This preoccupation wasn’t unlike that of Nazi Germany, after Germany’s deep losses during WWI, before the Nazis were formed. Largely, such as the Nazis, the pre-Civil War South had severe financial problems. Seven immigrants from eight from other countries settled to the northern United States, and twice as many whites left the South for the North as the ones heading in another direction.
There were deep-seated controversies over incorporating the slave state of Missouri to the Union, the purchase of Texas as a slave state in 1845, and Manifest Destiny being used as an argument for gaining new lands where slavery would become an issue, which largely occurred following the much less devastating Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. Meanwhile, the extremely popular anti-slavery novel,”Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 helped increase northern opposition to the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, which was created to recapture escapees.
During this period, many looked for a compromise, such as having some of the states”free” and a few staying”servant,” or maybe allowing the growth of slavery for a few more years.
The best known of these efforts is the Crittenden Compromise. It was an unsuccessful proposal by Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden, which tried to resolve the secession crisis of 1860-1861. It addressed the concerns that were leading to secession, including a preamble, six proposed Constitutional Amendments, and four proposed Congressional resolutions. President Lincoln stopped it cold, because he had been chosen primarily for opposing the expansion of slavery, and the South’s reaction to this rejection led almost immediately to the Civil War.
In short, every attempt to compromise failed. Slavery was neither easy to fix, nor was it an issue that would”go away.” The South stubbornly and firmly maintained the belief that slavery was a needed thing, and they would not stop till they had their ways about it. It would require firmer actions on their part, but mostly, they oriented toward taking it out on”the Negro,” who was supposed to justify such treatment.
In Birmingham during the Sixties, whites were known to”scapegoat” young black men, breaking their backs with high-pressure water hoses through peaceful civil rights protests. They also bombed black people’s houses, businesses and churches, threatening the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. this way dozens of times.
They especially wanted to oppress the blacks, as they were perceived as”troublemakers,” too inferior to be perceived as”real people.” Dr. King’s and a number of other people’s popular term for black people during his times was”Negros,” and it was qualified how Negro people felt about themselves and their lives.
During the 1960s, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover ordered Dr. King to be followed around by listening apparatus, with all his places of inhabitants being”bugged,” and a number of his personal life statements were placed on tape. Howsoever, just before King’s assassination, many black guys or Negros wore signs which boldly said,”I’m a Man” during their protests. They were promoting the idea they were people, and not animals, as they had been labeled during the slavery period.
In any event, many such black men fought and died passionately for the South during the Civil War for a variety of reasons, including many unique opinions about slavery and how the general structure of it should be handled. Also, many such slaves grew up in close circumstances with their white masters, and were really steadfast friends. Their actual circumstances are hard to fathom, but they did not wish to see the depravity and degradation that would occur should the South lose. Sometimes, slavery was not an entire evil, as some masters were conciliatory, so this caused much factionalism. But on the whole, it is thought these black guys were trying to help the white South and impress them with their raw courage and utmost perseverance against all odds.
Often, both southern servant and freedmen blacks and their northern counterparts fought with extreme ferocity, leaping into the fray even when their jobs didn’t entail a soldier’s duty. For one thing, the white North was reluctant to use them, and it took a while to get the Union Army to accept black troops. They didn’t need them such as the South, where almost a third of the population was now black. For another, the white southern approaches that were extremely pro-slavery supposed blacks were supposed to be indolent, permissive and docile. When southern black cooks, bottle-washers and horse tenders leapt gladly into battle with cries such as”Fo’ Massa!” And”Give it to’em boys – give’em Hell!” for their side of the gruesome fray, whites were shocked, impressed – and appalled.
This caused the development right after the war of many groups of white people who wanted to oppress, subjugate and control the expanding black southern population. The most famous of these groups was the Ku Klux Klan, which of course hid their clinics under many other names as well, as they were an illegal and secret society of white racial supremacists, which was formed up immediately following the South lost in the Civil War. The original idea behind the KKK, or Klan as they’re frequently called, was to”avenge” the losses of the white South by taking them out on Black Americans.