Athletics, Shot Put, Sport, Athletics

Recently, Round Rock Wildlife Removal, one of the greatest shot put coaches in the world, asked the question,”What is the main secret to throwing the shot far?” Many coaches thought they knew the answer, but everybody failed to realize the easiest and most important aspect of good shot putting is to”KEEP THE BALL MOVING!” Everything the athlete does during the throw, must keep the shot moving. Regardless of what technical philosophy you subscribe to, this is THE NUMBER ONE GOAL!
Currently there are two major kinds of technique that are commonly practiced in the shot, the rotation or twist, and the slide. All these categories can be further divided into multiple subcategories according to technical philosophy. Mike Young, the US Shot Put Biomechanist, divides the rotational technique to four subcategories: the”linear twist,””rotational spin,””wrapped spin” and the”cartwheel spin.” The slide is split into the”short-long glide” and the”long-short glide.” In this report, I am going to focus on the short-long slide technique, due to the fact that it is the most common technique for beginning shot putters to learn. In being so, the athlete should first have a great understanding of the power position above all else. Without a proper understanding of the power position and execution of the stand throw, any other technique development is of little value. The power position consists of the following aspects:
• Heel-Toe Relationship
• Axis from head to heel
The stand throw is initiated by pushing the back heel out and turning the hip completely into the direction of the throw. Upon triple expansion (ankle, knee, hip) the athlete strikes the ball out over the toeboard fully extending the throwing arm. The left side should block any further rotation, so that the athlete is able to see the shot land, while the throwing shoulder remains over the toeboard. The athlete should NOT be taught to reverse originally, as this should be a natural byproduct of the athlete becoming more explosive off the rear leg. It’s often easier for athletes to learn the stand throw by rocking into it, creating a”teeter totter” movement. One of the primary differences between the long-short and short-long glides is when the left foot lands in the front of the circle. In the long-short glide, the athlete tries to land both feet simultaneously. From the short-long glide, the left foot lands following the right, creating a more natural throwing motion. An especially valuable cue for most athletes is to remind them to stay on the exterior of the power foot while turning it. This will enable the foot to turn completely into the throw.
After there is a basic understanding of the power position and stand throw, it is time to move to the back of the circle and start to learn the slide. There are lots of diverse drills and cues to use to educate athletes to slip into the right power position, but no matter how a coach goes about teaching the glide, there are fundamental points and positions that must be achieved.
There are two different approaches to the beginning of the glide, the static beginning, and the dynamic start. Most athletes will begin with the static start and progress into the dynamic start as they become more comfortable with the technique. From the static start, the athlete starts in a T-position or crouch. In this position the right-handed athlete must display the following characteristics:
• Right foot on centerline of circle
• Shoulders are square to the back of the circle – directly contrary to the toeboard
• Left thumb is turned down
• Left knee stays behind Perfect
• Legs never cross
• Shoulders do not fall below hip line
From the dynamic start, the athlete usually begins on the feet and quickly sinks down to the crouch position. To start the movement across the circle, the athlete must push the right knee down over the feet, while allowing the hips to sink down and back. As the hips start to”fall” the athlete aggressively pushes off the feet of the right foot, rolling back onto the right heel. The left leg strikes straight and low into the base of the toeboard, while the left arm and upper body stay behind the hip axis. The right knee is pulled beneath the upper body, striving to pull on the knee under the left elbow. By pulling the knee under, the foot must naturally turn and land between 45 and 90 degrees in the center of the circle. When the left foot lands, the athlete turns and lifts to deliver the shot to the direction of the throw.
• Chin remains even with sternum
• Shot put is 5-8 inches behind a turned right foot at left foot touchdown
• Right knee and hip get turned completely into the direction of the throw
• Upper body remains passive with long left arm until hips face 180 degrees
• Hip should drive into the toeboard
• Athlete sees the shot leave
• Right shoulder finishes over toeboard
• If athlete reverses, eyes finish in 270 degrees
This is a simple synopsis of the fundamental concepts involved with the short-long glide technique. Applying this approach to teaching the glide should enable the coach to develop a consistent technical philosophy which will maximize the skill level of their throwers involved with the program.

Shot put

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *