This was among the most brutal, bloody and Godforsaken times ever in the usa. The Sixties in the South were bad for us, but the Civil War was much worse. Why the South”liked Dixie” and wanted to create another nation within america, one below the Mason-Dixon Line, is hard to fathom. People in the South also utilised to wear Civil War”recreations,” like it had been”fun” somehow, where actors tended to”die” in the significant battles of the War, which has been described by historians as a war where”brother killed brother.”
The Union included all Free states and the five slave-holding Border States, and its leaders were President Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Party, which was actually the first version of what later became the Democratic Party.
The Republicans at that time opposed the expansion of slavery into USA owned territories abroad, and Lincoln’s victory in the presidential election of 1860 resulted in seven of those southern states declaring secession from the Union, which occurred before Lincoln took office. The Union summarily rejected secession, calling it an internal “rebellion.”
The war itself began on April 12 of 1861, with Confederate forces assaulting a Union military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. President Lincoln soon formed up a large volunteer army of northerners, but four more southern states then announced their secession. Over the first year of the war, the Union assumed management of the Border States, establishing a naval blockade, but both sides amassed huge armies and resources.
Some 620,000 Americans died fighting this bloody war, heralded as”the struggle between brother and brother in the land of freedom.” Many men who fought it were family members associated with each other. The war caused an untold number of civilian casualties, financially ruining the white South. It left huge farm areas strewn with bodies, as newer weapons technologies caused massive damage.
This war went down in history as the worst one America ever fought, which is likely a significant reason the South still remembers it. White northerners certainly remember their”attitude adjustment” problems over their loss, including references to the South”rising again” and somehow even, yes, seceding from the Union. The majority of this latter”ranting” has died down, since Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. led the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.
Howsoever, during the Civil War, the snowy North offered opportunities to blacks if they fought for them, while the South really used black soldiers , being in a position to press their own slaves to battle. However, this is where the Emancipation Proclamation came to play, and what made it famous was that its”war target” was finishing southern slavery. This seriously complicated the Confederacy’s workforce shortages, and probably helped the Union to finally win. But the whole country, especially the South itself, was horribly torn destroyed and up, and needed reparations over a great length of time, causing the South to dream of white vengeance.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee won many successes originally over the Union army, but Lee’s loss at Gettysburg in 1863 turned into the war over to the North. Union General Ulysses S. Grant fought several gruesome battles with Lee in 1864 that forced the Confederate general to defend the Confederate capital in Richmond, Virginia. Subsequently Union General William Sherman captured Atlanta, Georgia, starting his famous March to the Sea, devastating a hundred-mile area in Georgia. The Confederate resistance soon collapsed, after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865 in Virginia.
The war was caused primarily by the battle over”the question of slavery.” The coexistence of a slave-owning South with an increasingly abolitionist North wasn’t well borne, and the battle was inevitable. Meanwhile, President Lincoln would not propose federal laws against slavery where it already existed, although in his 1858″A House Divided” speech, he had said his plans to”arrest the further spread of itand place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction.”
Lincoln was often wishy-washy about ending slavery, wanting to make concessions to the South, so Dr. King wasn’t his most enthusiastic supporter, along with other civil rights leaders. MLK apparently vastly enjoyed getting to talk in Washington D.C. following the”March for Jobs, Peace and Freedom” in 1963 at the bottom of the Lincoln Memorial, a giant white statue – because he made to outclass Lincoln by having more people listen to what a black man had to say for a change. That is where King gave his”I Have a Dream” speech, confirming what Lincoln really wanted to believe. MLK was assassinated primarily for trying to end the”baggage” of years of oppression due to slavery. He wanted blacks to get jobs, and also to end the Viet Nam War – not his most popular platform.
But slavery back in the 1800s was the issue of the century in the usa. Therefore, the most pitched American political battle of the 1850s was over the expansion of slavery into the newly created lands, which had been purchased from France through its emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. All of these new organized territories were set to become free-soil nations, which pushed the South into secession, for both the North and the South knew that if slavery could not expand any further, it would perish. Too many federal and state laws had been passed, banning the importation of additional slaves, for instance.
The South’s worries of losing control of State’s Rights to the federal authorities and the abolitionists, and the contrasting northern fears that”slave power” (I think that phrase may be from where Stokely Carmichael got”Black Power”) was controlling the government pushed the ongoing crisis to the wall in the late 1850s. Both the North and South were influenced by the ideas of Thomas Jefferson from his”Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions,” which emphasized State’s Rights and the right of revolution said in the Declaration of Independence, but they translated them wildly differently from one another.
On the one hand, northerners like abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison and moderate Republican leader Abraham Lincoln stressed and underlined the Jeffersonian declaration that”All men are created equal,” a statement also said in Lincoln’s”Gettysburg Address.” But to oppose these views, Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens wrote”A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States.” He believed slavery was the”cornerstone of the Confederacy,” asserting that the war wasn’t over slavery, but rather concerned State’s Rights. Stephens became one of the South’s staunch defenders of what was becoming known as the”Lost Cause,” the endeavor to maintain the South’s”grand glory days.”